England were beaten by Italy on penalties but the occasion was marred by violence both inside and outside the stadium.
Before kick-off, supporters without tickets overwhelmed stewards and stormed several entrances at Wembley.
A statement released by UEFA on Tuesday read: ‘Disciplinary proceedings have been opened following the UEFA EURO 2020 final match between the national teams of Italy and England (1-1, Italy won 3-2 on penalties), played on 11 July at Wembley Stadium, London.
Charges against The English Football Association :
England fans break through security at Wembley ahead of the Euro 2020 final
‘The case will be dealt with by the UEFA Control, Ethics and Disciplinary Body (CEDB) in due course.
‘Separately, and in accordance with Article 31(4) DR, a UEFA Ethics and Disciplinary Inspector has been appointed to conduct a disciplinary investigation into events involving supporters which occurred inside and around the stadium.
‘Information on this matter will be made available in due course.’